International Cooperation
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International Cooperation Translation

Official development assistance, or ODA, accounts for billions of dollars in cooperation. According to the Development Co-operation Report 2018 issued by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, governments and agencies spent USD 146 billion on ODA in 2017. The leading donor was the EU, whose share was 0.5 percent of the gross national income. ODA is typically provided by developed countries bilaterally (to a developing country) or multilaterally (to an agency that directs the aid). After the EU, the top ODA donors in 2013 were the US, the UK, Germany and Japan. Orange Text has accumulated a wealth of knowledge in the field of ODA to ensure documents are translated accurately.



Official development assistance (ODA)


According to the OECD, official development assistance refers to "official financing administered with the promotion of the economic development and welfare of developing countries ... with a grant element of at least 25 percent."



International cooperation modes and sample projects


There are many frameworks and means to provide international cooperation, and under such initiatives, myriad projects are underway all over the world. The following two lists illustrate some of these forms of international cooperation and projects.
  • Examples of cooperation
  • ODA loans
  • ODA grants
  • Technical training
  • Public-private partnerships
  • Disaster relief



Government and multilateral agencies


International cooperation is carried out in a variety of areas by such multlateral organizations as the World Bank, the United Nations Development Programme, as well as by national agencies. Here is a sampling of some of the bilateral and multilateral agencies doing good work:



South-South cooperation (SSC)


The extension of international cooperation by one develping country to another is referred to as "South-South cooperation." As defined by the United Nations, triangular cooperation is when SSC is supplemented with cooperation from a developed country or a multilateral organization.