Translation Services



Manufacturing Translation

Although the history of interchangeable parts goes back to the Warring States period (fifth century BCE), the modern use began in the late eighteenth century and quickly gained currency. A hundred years later, Henry Ford put into practice key assembly line concepts still studied to this day. In the mid-nineteenth century, Taiichi Ohno, Sakichi Toyoda and Kiichiro Toyoda were key in developing the Toyota Production System, which has come be known lean manufacturing, incorporating such elements as just-in-time, the kanban and the elimination of muda (waste).

Lean/pull production

The kanban and andon systems, muda elimination, heijunka (production leveling) and just-in-time are all key concepts in industry today. A lean operation is critical for remaining competitive, and Orange Text can help you stay on the leading edge with accurate translations for industry.


Orange Text brings years of experience to the table in translating documents in such fields as metal alloys, plastics (extrusion, injection), fibers, ceramics, nanomaterials and more. The field of materials science is rapidly expanding to meet diversifying needs. Contact us to find out how we can help you deliver your documents in Chinese, Dutch, English and Japanese.


The central focus in manufacting innovation by the Ford and Toyota companies was the automobile. With somewhere between 30,000 and 40,000 parts, automobiles are complex products incorporating a diverse set of technologies. Contact us for a quote on your automotive translation project.
A beverage production factory

The mass production of a bottled beverage

Clay shaping

An artisan molds clay

Black cars come off of an assembly line

A fleet of cars rolls off the assembly line